HOOF PROBLEMS IN HORSES

[vc_row][vc_column][vc_column_text]NOTE: The information contained here should in no way replace that of a qualified veterinarian.[/vc_column_text][/vc_column][/vc_row][vc_row header_feature=”yes” padding_top=”120″ padding_bottom=”120″ margin_bottom=”0″ section_id=”start”][vc_column width=”1/3″][grve_slogan title=”Canker ” heading=”h3″ button_text=”” button2_text=””][/grve_slogan][/vc_column][vc_column width=”2/3″][vc_column_text]This is a severe bacterial/ fungal infection which affects the frog, heal and underlying structures of the hoof.[/vc_column_text][vc_tta_accordion active_section=”1″][vc_tta_section title=”Symptoms” tab_id=”1471917232176-89f43110-a51d”][vc_column_text]• Canker has a very foul smell and secretes a lot of puss from the affected areas
• The horse will often stamp their feet due to the discomfort
• There will be fragments of crusted over hoof horn growing excessively at the back of the frog
• In extreme cases as the canker takes hold a cauliflower like growth will appear in the affected areas of frog and heel
• Horses by this stage will often also have swollen fetlocks and be reluctant to stand or move on there feet.

[/vc_column_text][/vc_tta_section][vc_tta_section title=”Horses At Risk” tab_id=”1471917327204-264f6351-8bea”][vc_column_text]• Those kept in unhygienic environments
• Very hot environments that will cause the frog to sweat
• Horses with long heels are also at risk

[/vc_column_text][/vc_tta_section][vc_tta_section title=”Treatment” tab_id=”1471917387390-822a99b8-d9dd”][vc_column_text]Due to the fact that canker can infect the very inner parts of the horses hoof it can be very difficult to treat. If caught early enough then all the diseased parts of the infected hoof are removed and a careful antiseptic cleaning program begins along with antibiotics to help the structures to rebuild. However once canker has taken hold it can take several weeks/months for the horse to recover depending on the severity of the canker.

[/vc_column_text][/vc_tta_section][vc_tta_section title=”Prevention” tab_id=”1471917423051-0500c06a-9bf4″][vc_column_text]Good stable management that ensures that stables are regularly mucked out and the horses are kept on clean dry bedding along with regular hoof care such as regular farrier visits and daily picking feet out will all help to prevent this infection from occurring. Quick treatment of any infection is essential as it will prevent the infection from damaging internal structures for which sometimes there is no return.[/vc_column_text][/vc_tta_section][/vc_tta_accordion][/vc_column][/vc_row][vc_row bg_type=”color” header_feature=”yes” padding_top=”120″ padding_bottom=”120″ margin_bottom=”0″ section_id=”start” bg_color=”#dddddd”][vc_column width=”1/3″][grve_slogan title=”Hoof Wall Abscess” heading=”h3″ button_text=”” button2_text=””][/grve_slogan][/vc_column][vc_column width=”2/3″][vc_column_text]This is an infection within the horses hoof that exits through the hairline. It occurs when a foreign object penetrates the white line, sole or through a crack in the hoof wall. Infections within the hoof often have no way of releasing themselves and so when the infection forms into puss it collects to form into an abscess, it is only through your farrier or vet hoof testing or paring away that the infection will be able to release itself, if left unaided the infection will travel upwards to the coronet band at the top of the hoof wall and form an abscess there.[/vc_column_text][vc_tta_accordion active_section=”1″][vc_tta_section title=”Symptoms” tab_id=”1471917488646-f22e9001-553e”][vc_column_text]• Lameness
• Heat in the lower limb
•Heat in the hoof wall
• Swelling of the pasterns
• Unwillingness to stand on one hoof
• Hoof Sole Abscess
• The horse will often show various symptoms which can include: Lameness, which can be constant or intermittent. In severe cases the horse will not want to place any weight on the infected hoof.
• Heat and swelling down the back of the lower leg, similar to that of a tendon or deep bruising injury.
• Heat around the hoof wall
• Digital pulse is lower leg is often raised and strong. There may be heat and a raised area around the coronary band.
• In some cases the abscess will burst out of this area[/vc_column_text][/vc_tta_section][vc_tta_section title=”Horses At Risk” tab_id=”1471917488647-1494aa39-6c02″][vc_column_text]• Both shod and unshod horses are at risk from abscesses, this risk is increased during wet weather when the horses hooves become a little softer and more susceptible. Horses with bruised soles are also at risk.

• Helping to minimize the risk
Regular shoeing and monitoring of the feet and soundness are essential, any lameness should immediately be looked into.[/vc_column_text][/vc_tta_section][vc_tta_section title=”Treatment” tab_id=”1471917488648-6a638f0f-6ba9″][vc_column_text]• A qualified veterinarian or farrier should be called to find the location of the abscess with hoof pincers. Once the area is located they will usually pare a hole in the sole of the hoof or cororonary band to allow the infection to drain out. Then a poultice should be applied.

• Applying A Poultice
First of all ensure that you have all the equipment that you will need; bucket and small clean scrubbing brush (nail brushes are good) to thoroughly wash the area, clean sterile bowl for the poultice, boiling water, animalintex poultice, veterinary gamgee, vetwrap, protective over boot.

• To put on a poultice:
1. Cut a piece of poultice suitable for the area and place in a clean bowl and cover with boiling water.
2. Cut a piece of veterinary gamgee large enough to completely cover the poultice, this will act to provide an insulating layer around the poultice and adds a bit of protection to help keep the area clean.
3.  Thoroughly wash and scrub the area with an antiseptic wash such as hibiscub      or salt solution.
4. Then take out the poultice and squeeze away any excess water and ensure that the poultice is not too hot, then place over the area of the abscess.
5. Place your veterinary gamgee over the top of the poultice.
6. Bandage around the area using vetwrap to hold the poultice and gamgee in place.
7. Place your horses hoof into a poultice boot which will further help to keep the area clean and can help prevent horses who like to chew bandages from removing the poultice altogether.[/vc_column_text][/vc_tta_section][vc_tta_section title=”Prevention” tab_id=”1471917488649-cdd08e82-8269″][vc_column_text]Good stable management that ensures that stables are regularly mucked out and the horses are kept on clean dry bedding along with regular hoof care such as regular farrier visits and daily picking feet out will all help to prevent this infection from occurring. Quick treatment of any infection is essential as it will prevent the infection from damaging internal structures for which sometimes there is no return.[/vc_column_text][/vc_tta_section][vc_tta_section title=”Causes” tab_id=”1471917633618-ebae5bcd-279e”][vc_column_text]• Direct puncture from an object such as a nail
• Incorrect shoeing
• Poor hoof management such as shoes being left on for too long
• A hoof crack
• Grit penetrating the wall of a shod or barefoot horse.[/vc_column_text][/vc_tta_section][/vc_tta_accordion][/vc_column][/vc_row][vc_row header_feature=”yes” padding_top=”120″ padding_bottom=”120″ margin_bottom=”0″ section_id=”start”][vc_column width=”1/3″][grve_slogan title=”Laminitis (Founder)” heading=”h3″ button_text=”” button2_text=””][/grve_slogan][/vc_column][vc_column width=”2/3″][vc_column_text]This is a very painful disease that affects the Laminae within the hoof. When the blood flow to the hoof gets disrupted it causes the Laminae to become inflamed and eventually die, in severe causes this complete breakdown of Laminae causes the Pedal Bone within the hoof capsule to become Foundered which is the term used to describe when the Pedal Bone is no longer supported within the hoof and from here it will then sink down and eventually penetrate the Sole of the horses foot, it is then called a Sinker.

• Laminae
Laminae is a tissue rich with veins, which supplies the hoof and internal structures with nutrients and blood supply, it is the Laminae tissue that supports the Pedal Bone within the hoof and joins it to the Hoof Wall.[/vc_column_text][vc_tta_accordion active_section=”1″][vc_tta_section title=”Symptoms” tab_id=”1471917740661-88e598be-0038″][vc_column_text]• Heat can be felt on the sole and on the outside of the hoof wall
• A strong pulse can be felt from the digital palmar artery
• Visibly stressed and often depressed
• Horse will be visibly uncomfortable when standing and will try to put more weight onto their heels to alleviate the pain. If the front feet are affected the horse will sit right back bringing its hindquarters well underneath the body.
• They are reluctant to exercise and may be shorter in their stride than normal
• Horse may frequently lye down and be reluctant to get up[/vc_column_text][/vc_tta_section][vc_tta_section title=”Causes” tab_id=”1471917813558-c6d31bc2-eab1″][vc_column_text]There can be several triggering factors with Laminitis such as Feed overload, stress, drugs administered, infection or trauma.

• Feed Overload – This can be as a result of eating lush grass or eating an excess of starch feeds and from being overweight.
• Drugs Administered – Corticosteroids in particular have been linked to Laminitis.
• Stress – Has been known to cause the onset of Laminitis.
• Trauma – This can occur from exercising on hard ground for prolonged periods of time and also incorrect shoeing can be a triggering factor.
• Hormonal – Thyroid and Pituitary disorders such as Cushings can be a triggering factor for Laminitis.
• Toxins – This can be anything from a Viral, Bacterial or Fungal infection to a chemical toxin that triggers Laminitis, for example if a mare retains the Placenta, or after colic surgery, or from excess build up of Nitrogen in the diet from clover rich pasture.[/vc_column_text][/vc_tta_section][vc_tta_section title=”Horses At Risk” tab_id=”1471917740662-04211f3c-edfa”][vc_column_text]All horses can potentially suffer from Laminitis, early detection and consultation with your vet along with following good stable management practices will help to limit the severity of the Lamanitic episode. Overweight horses and ponies are most at risk especially during times when lush grass is coming through ie. In the spring and autumn but there can be many other triggering factors such as toxins, hormonal, trauma and administered rugs.[/vc_column_text][/vc_tta_section][vc_tta_section title=”Treatment” tab_id=”1471917740663-88f5396d-f07e”][vc_column_text]Laminitis should be treated immediately by your vet who will establish the extent of the Laminitis and the treatment that is to follow. This may be by way of corrective shoeing such as fitting a heart bar shoe which will assist in supporting the heel of the hoof and relieving the pressure. Other treatments include medical or in severe cases surgery. Be careful not to force horses with Laminitis to exercise it could further damage the laminae and cause the Pedal bone to drop even more. Stable the Lamanitic horse on a deep bed of shavings as this will help to ease the pressure and allow the horse to lye down for the same reason.[/vc_column_text][/vc_tta_section][vc_tta_section title=”Prevention” tab_id=”1471917740664-eb012124-f566″][vc_column_text]• To limit the amount of grass intake a muzzle can be used but careful attention is necessary to monitor susceptible horses.
• Ensure that your horse has a well balanced diet and avoid high starch diets as the large intestine can easily become overloaded with starch and thus trigger Laminitis.
• Horses prone to Laminitis should avoid being given corticosteroids which have been linked to Laminitis cases.
• Have your horse professionally shod on a regular basis. Monitor your horses weight, overweight horses are more likely suffer from being glucose intolerant and insulin resistant.
• Check that the mare fully cleanses after foaling, any more than 24 hrs then call the vet.

• What To Feed

1. The key thing to remember is low starch, low sugar high fibre, high antioxidants and monitor your horses weight. A very limited amount of Alfalfa is great as it will supply your horse with essential nutrients such as protein and minerals if the intake is closely monitored. The addition of a hoof supplement will aid in the repair and healthy growth of the hoof.
2. Avoid cereals and coarse mixes as they are often high in sugar and starch.
3. Soya oil is a great energy supplement as it is low in sugar and starch.
4. Ensure feeds are high in antioxidants such as Selenium, vitamin C and E as they will help to keep free radicals at bay.
5. Many good feed companies will have a Laminitis friendly feed which will be high in antioxidants, high in fibre, low in sugar and low in starch levels.
6. Always pay attention after surgery for infection, especially after colic surgery.[/vc_column_text][/vc_tta_section][/vc_tta_accordion][/vc_column][/vc_row][vc_row bg_type=”color” header_feature=”yes” padding_top=”120″ padding_bottom=”120″ margin_bottom=”0″ section_id=”Ringbone” bg_color=”#dddddd”][vc_column width=”1/3″][grve_slogan title=”Ringbone” heading=”h3″ button_text=”” button2_text=””][/grve_slogan][/vc_column][vc_column width=”2/3″][vc_column_text]This is a bony growth the occurs on either the long or short pastern.

[/vc_column_text][vc_tta_accordion active_section=”1″][vc_tta_section title=”Types of Ringbone” tab_id=”1471918064044-218b3599-ad66″][vc_column_text]• High Ringbone – This is a bony growth that forms around the lower edge of the long pastern or the upper part of the short pastern.
• Low Ringbone occurs around the lower part of the short pastern and the upper part of the pedal or coffin bone.[/vc_column_text][/vc_tta_section][vc_tta_section title=”Symptoms” tab_id=”1471918208316-caac8031-ab6a”][vc_column_text]• Bony enlargements can be felt just above the coronary band.
• In some cases there is lameness.
• Shortness in the horses stride.

[/vc_column_text][/vc_tta_section][vc_tta_section title=”Horses At Risk” tab_id=”1471918064045-bf56bd30-eee5″][vc_column_text]- Both shod and unshod horses are at risk from abscesses, this risk is increased during wet weather when the horses hooves become a little softer and more susceptible. Horses with bruised soles are also at risk.

Helping to minimize the risk

Regular shoeing and monitoring of the feet and soundness are essential, any lameness should immediately be looked into.[/vc_column_text][/vc_tta_section][vc_tta_section title=”Treatment” tab_id=”1471918064045-f4eec0dc-b71e”][vc_column_text]• Corrective shoeing
• Anti inflammatory drugs
• Pain killing drugs[/vc_column_text][/vc_tta_section][vc_tta_section title=”Prevention” tab_id=”1471918064046-98f66d6d-7532″][vc_column_text]Good stable management that ensures that stables are regularly mucked out and the horses are kept on clean dry bedding along with regular hoof care such as regular farrier visits and daily picking feet out will all help to prevent this infection from occurring. Quick treatment of any infection is essential as it will prevent the infection from damaging internal structures for which sometimes there is no return.[/vc_column_text][/vc_tta_section][vc_tta_section title=”Causes” tab_id=”1471918064047-ad0992f6-341d”][vc_column_text]• Poor conformation will lead to uneven loading and stress of the joints and bones of the lower leg.
• Poor shoeing can lead to uneven loading and stress being placed on the pastern bones, tendons and the lower leg in general.
• Degenerative Joint disease.

[/vc_column_text][/vc_tta_section][/vc_tta_accordion][/vc_column][/vc_row][vc_row header_feature=”yes” padding_top=”120″ padding_bottom=”120″ margin_bottom=”0″ section_id=”start”][vc_column width=”1/3″][grve_slogan title=”HORSE SPLINTS” heading=”h3″ button_text=”” button2_text=””][/grve_slogan][/vc_column][vc_column width=”2/3″][vc_column_text]A horse splint is a bony growth that can be found on the splint bones of the horses lower leg.[/vc_column_text][vc_tta_accordion active_section=”1″][vc_tta_section title=”Symptoms” tab_id=”1472144720020-482ae28e-26e2″][vc_column_text]• A bony lump can be felt anywhere on the horses splint bone, most commonly on the inside of the leg.
• Splints can occur between the cannon and splint bone are unable to be seen or felt these types of splint injuries are known as blind splints.
• When the splint injury has just happened the area will be hot and a soft swelling can often be felt.
• This will then harden and become cold over a period of 2 to 3 weeks.
• There will be lameness initially, which will subside as the splint hardens.[/vc_column_text][/vc_tta_section][vc_tta_section title=”Causes” tab_id=”1472144720020-1b57fc9c-9bb1″][vc_column_text]• Concussion on hard ground
• Direct trauma to the splint bone itself[/vc_column_text][/vc_tta_section][vc_tta_section title=”Treatment” tab_id=”1472144720022-11f1633e-2eea”][vc_column_text]• The lower leg can be cold hosed to encourage blood flow to the area.
• The use of anti inflammatory and pain killing drugs can be used.
• Reduced work load to allow the healing process to occur.
• Using a kaolin based cool clay will help to sooth and promote the healing process.[/vc_column_text][/vc_tta_section][/vc_tta_accordion][/vc_column][/vc_row][vc_row bg_type=”color” header_feature=”yes” padding_top=”120″ padding_bottom=”120″ margin_bottom=”0″ section_id=”Ringbone” bg_color=”#dddddd”][vc_column width=”1/3″][grve_slogan title=”THRUSH” heading=”h3″ button_text=”” button2_text=””][/grve_slogan][/vc_column][vc_column width=”2/3″][vc_column_text]This is a bacterial infection which causes the soft tissues of the frog to degenerate. It is in the central and lateral grooves of the frog which are most affected and as the bacteria rot away the frog a very distinctive unpleasant odour will be present often with a black discharge.[/vc_column_text][vc_tta_accordion active_section=”1″][vc_tta_section title=”Symptoms” tab_id=”1472144948522-7692111f-41a3″][vc_column_text]To start off with the horse may well be sound but if the infection is left untreated the infection will soon spread to deeper underlying tissues within the hoof and the horse will soon become lame. The horse will show pain when pressure on the frog is applied. Thrush is known for the foul smelling black discharge it gives off.[/vc_column_text][/vc_tta_section][vc_tta_section title=”Horses At Risk” tab_id=”1472144948522-95556765-ed11″][vc_column_text]Any horse kept in muddy, damp, wet or unhygienic conditions. It can affect both fore and hind legs.[/vc_column_text][/vc_tta_section][vc_tta_section title=”Treatment” tab_id=”1472144948523-23eef07b-d282″][vc_column_text]This will need to be done by your farrier who will pare away the damaged soft tissues of the frog and a antibacterial solution will be applied quite often along with antibiotics to assist. The frog will need to be kept clean and dry to allow healing to take place so the hoof is often bandaged to allow this to happen.[/vc_column_text][/vc_tta_section][vc_tta_section title=”Prevention” tab_id=”1472144948524-1d81c0fa-6cb4″][vc_column_text]Regular maintenance of hoof care and hygiene are essential to help prevent thrush from occurring.

• Picking out feet twice daily
• Regular visits from your farrier
• Immediate treatment at the first sign of any Thrush or injury

• Horses kept in wet, damp and muddy fields allowed somewhere dry to stand to allow their frogs, hooves and lower limbs time to recover.

• Stables mucked out daily so that the horses are kept on clean dry hygienic bedding.[/vc_column_text][/vc_tta_section][/vc_tta_accordion][/vc_column][/vc_row][vc_row][vc_column][vc_empty_space height=”60″][/vc_column][/vc_row][vc_row bg_type=”color” footer_feature=”yes” bg_color=”#000000″ padding_top=”20″ padding_bottom=”20″][vc_column][grve_single_image image_mode=”medium” image=”11552″][/vc_column][/vc_row]